An initiative from Wetlands International Indonesia Programme (WIIP) and IUCN Netherlands has brought all stakeholders of the shrimp value chain together to improve the sustainability of shrimp production in coastal areas in Indonesia. Under the Sustainable Shrimp & Coastal Restoration and Conservation Program (SSCRC) efforts to improve systems in order to meet certification requirements are being combined with restoration of coastal mangrove ecosystems.
A first workshop in Bogor, Indonesia was organised including all stakeholders from all stages in the shrimp value chain: suppliers of shrimp fry, aquaculture practitioners, researchers, government technical officers, processors of the harvest, exporters, certifiers and environmental NGOs. The aim is to synergise certification requirements in the Netherlands and the European Union with shrimp aquaculture practices in Indonesia.
The consumers of shrimp in the Netherlands and other countries of the European Union are known for having high standards for safety and quality of food. One of the ways of assuring this quality is through the development of certification programs. These programs have strict criteria, which are difficult for shrimp farmers in Indonesia to fulfil.
Important information coming out of the workshop included:
1) Virus infections can be reduced by use of the “cluster system.” This system requires a collective effort in which shrimp farmers only use guaranteed fry, follow a tight schedule for seeding, and use water management systems which reduce the chance of spreading dangerous viruses.
2) Identification of 10 locations as potential demonstration sites for the SSCRC program, including Aceh, Lamupng, West Java, Central Java, East Java, East Kalimantan and South Sulawesi.
It is expected that the activities of the SSCRC will provide an opportunity for shrimp farmers, and in particular traditional shrimp farmers, to gain access to the global market. In addition, it is hope exists that the activities will reduce the negative environmental impacts of shrimp farming, and lead to long term environmental improvements. Cumulatively these activities will result in shrimp which are safe and beneficial for consumers.
Read the Indonesian version on the Wetlands International Indonesia Programme site.
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