A key principle of Green Coast is that local communities need to participate in all stages of coastal rehabilitation. From assessments, through to planning and on to implementation. Recovery policies and plans will particularly focus on the poor communities, who are often worst affected by the tsunami.
Green Coast especially aims to support the empowerment of women, and the participation of women in decision-making bodies at all levels. Awareness should be raised about the specific roles, rights and responsibilities of women in coastal resource management. Especially the policy work and the small grant projects can contribute to concrete improvements in their rights and economic position.
Poor local communities will benefit most from the rehabilitation of coastal natural resources, which sustain their livelihoods. For instance alternative livelihoods could be identified for fishermen, to allow fish stocks to recover.
Local communities must be able to influence reconstruction conditions for their own area. The aim of the project is to equip them with knowledge and contacts, so that they can better manage their natural coastal resources for the sustainability of their livelihoods.
Why is Green Coast unique?
Green Coast aims to support the communities affected by the tsunami through the restoration of their livelihoods. As coastal ecosystems provide important services such as safety, food, income and shelter, Green Coast focuses on the restoration of these ecosystems to rehabilitate the livelihoods of these people.
Green Coast is a unique initiative in a post-disaster context, focusing on the recovery of coastal ecosystems and sustainable management of coastal nature as a basis for peoples livelihoods.
Green Coast, the tsunami response initiative led by WI – implemented a total of 175 community-based ecosystem restoration projects –benefitting 91,000 people- in five tsunami-affected countries: Indonesia, India, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Malaysia. In the Indonesian province Aceh alone, Green Coast planted some 844,000 mangrove and beach trees in 2007 covering more than 350 hectares.
Green Coast partners WI, WWF, IUCN and Both ENDS and their local NGO and CBO networks, restored sand dunes, cleaned up sea grass beds, coral reef and beaches and restored drinking water wells and agricultural land which became saline because of the tsunami. They also provided technical and financial support to affected local communities to start income generating activities. More than 12,000 people (of which 60% women) benefitted from increased income in 2007.
The establishment of coastal forest, provides greater environmental security to the people living behind, as they function as natural buffer zones against high tide, sea level rise and storms. The recovery of coastal ecosystems significantly improved livelihoods as fish stocks have increased, water quality improved and agricultural land becomes fertile again.
The project envisages the following results:
• Rehabilitated coastal nature and resources.
• Restored and newly created livelihoods from fisheries, agriculture, fuel collection and eco-tourism.
• Strengthened natural defences and shelter to protect people and nature from future floods and cyclones.
• A sustainable use of coastal nature and resources through participation of local communities, with a strong focus on the roles and rights of women.