Coastal and Marine Policy Roadshow Undertaken!
As the existing policies and customary law were finished being reviewed and analyzed, the next phase is presenting it to the public and collecting inputs for its finalization. For such a matter, a po...
As the existing policies and customary law were finished being reviewed and analyzed, the next phase is presenting it to the public and collecting inputs for its finalization. For such a matter, a policy road show is undertaken and from July to September three workshops had been conducted in the island of Nias and Aceh province in two coastal stretches: the East and West coast.
Within each workshop, leaders of some interrelated institutions are being invited. The invitees are mainly from government agencies as they have the authorities in Coastal and Marine Resources Management. Those agencies namely are Offices of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (DKP), Planning and Development Agency (BAPPEDA), Environment Management Impact Office (Bapedalda), Forestry Office (Dinas Kehutanan), Legislatives and Water Police Watch. The workshops were also attended by some traditional institution such as Panglima Laot and Aceh Traditional Assembly, and some CBOs.
The workshop conducted in Nias Ilsland has shown that there is no local (district level) regulation on coastal and marine management. However, there are two regulations related to coastal/marine resources which are District Laws on the permit for fish capture business and enterprises, and the retribution of fishing yield/product. The regulations much more emphasize in increasing the local income than on resources management as the local government’s development strategy for the next few years is mostly on infrastructure and economic development. To date, Nias Island has no significant business which can generate community and region’s income. There were few recommendations obtained from the workshop which are development of regulation focusing on coastal and marine resources preservation or conservation, development of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM), development of policy emphasizing on integration of institutional authority with the local wisdom on protecting, and securing marine and coastal resources, and development of policy which consider alternative livelihood for the community who live surround the conservation area.
The situation in Aceh is a bit different than in Nias Island. Aceh is more advanced when it comes to its Coastal Resources Management policy. However, the existing policies needs to be improved in regards to the changes occurred in the last 10 years, let alone the tsunami aftermath. From the workshops in the East and West coast related to the tsunami impact and the living of the coastal community, it was found that green belt as one of the important issue. If in the East coast the green belt should be linked to aquaculture as most coastal communities generate income from this activity, the green belt issue is much more related to agro-forestry and capture fisheries in the west coast. Some additional inputs obtained from the workshops are some other coastal resources related laws, gender issues, and authority of local/district government.
This policy road show would be closed by one more workshop in Banda Aceh on October 16th, 2006. Once the road show completely undertaken, all the recommendations obtained would be extracted to the final document. Noted there would be also some adjustments related to the current political alteration i.e. Undang-Undang Pemerintahan Aceh (Aceh New Governance Bill).
The road show for certain is benefiting to have a database of policy in marine and coastal resources management in Aceh and Nias, raise commitments of governments in following-up the policy needed as the final document will be a ‘joint document’, to have on-ground socialization of the document, and to have an efficiency in provincial regulations production.