Promotion of wetland biodiversity conservation in the Moscow region of the Russian Federation through the development of a Regional Strategy and Action Plan for Wetlands Wise Use
The objective is to support the sustainable use of water resources in the Moscow Region by establishing the technical, legal and social conditions for the implementation of an integrated approach to land-use planning based on wetland wise use.
Background: The Moscow Region, the most developed and populated part of Russia, covers 46,000 km2 and consumes more than 4,000 million m3 p.a. or 44% of the annual runoff.
Availability of water resources has decreased in recent years. As a result, protection of water resources has become one of the key issues in land-use planning. An important part of the solution is to conserve and sustain wetland ecosystems. They are widely recognised as an important component of the water cycle regulating both water availability and quality. Currently their management is carried out by multiple sectoral government agencies and local administrations, leading to duplication and confusion of authority between sectoral agencies and conservation bodies.
The result is considerable ongoing degradation due to hydrological regulation, drainage, agricultural developments and burning. There is a clear need for the actions of the different stakeholders to be coordinated and based on sustainable wetland use if water resources are to be protected.
Programme Objective: To support the sustainable use of water resources in the Moscow Region by establishing the technical, legal and social conditions for the implementation of an integrated approach to land-use planning based on wetland wise use.
- Establish an information base necessary for the development and implementation of a regional strategy and action plan for wetland wise use in the Moscow Region.
- Establish standard approaches and methods for sustainable wetland use that will comprise a regional integrated strategy and action plan.
- Develop a regional strategy and action plan for sustainable wetland use in the Moscow Region.
- Establish an agreed intersectoral cooperative framework for the implementation of a Regional Strategy and Action Plan for sustainable wetland use and management.
- Raise the awareness of the general public and decision-makers concerning wetland functions and values and their importance in order to increase the effectiveness of sustainable wetland use.
- The proposed mechanisms for integrated land use planning are tested at pilot wetland areas (the Faustovskaya floodplain of the Moskva River and the Dubna Peatland Complex) and best practices and lessons learned disseminated to key stakeholders responsible for wetland management.
- Published overview of the current status of wetlands in the Moscow Region;
- Strategy and Action Plan for Wetland Wise Use in the Moscow Region developed and published;
- Recommendations to improve legislation and develop regional normative acts on wetland wise use and conservation developed and adopted at regional level;
- Recommendations to improve inter-sectoral and inter-regional cooperation and to introduce the basin approach onto pilot wetland complexes prepared and adopted at regional level;
- Recommendations to optimize the methodological basis for wetland conservation and wise use;
- Raised awareness of wetland functions and values;
- Lessons learned and best practices in relation to the proposed mechanisms for integrated land use planning.
The Moscow Region of the Russian Federation will be the first oblast to have developed an integrated strategy to wetland and water management. The future implementation of the strategy will also be supported by the availability of the appropriate information base, wetland management approaches and methodologies and the proposed legislative framework with necessary amendments.
Coupled with this, public awareness of the need for and interventions needed to ensure sustainable water resources management through integrated approaches to wetland management will be raised increasing the chances that this will ‘take root’ and continue in the longer term.
Funded by: The Netherlands Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, BBI-MATRA
The Ministry of Environment and Nature Management of the Moscow Oblast; the Taldom Administration of Protected Nature Areas; the Mosoblecologia Research Centre.