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Action of South-east Asia

Ensuring sustainable peatlands & mangroves in Indonesia

To counter the destruction of mangroves and unsustainable oil palm expansion in Indonesia’s peatlands, we work with the government to improve policies and spatial planning. We also engage with the palm oil industry to promote best management practices in peatlands and ensure the participation of local communities. At the field level, we work with local partners and communities to restore peatlands and mangroves, and improve the livelihoodsof people through Bio-rights micro-credit financing that promotes conservation.

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A Biodiversity Action Plan for the footprint of Shell in Brunei

The rarely visited country of Brunei Darussalam is a green gem on the rapidly deforesting island of Borneo. Much of Brunei is still covered in peat swamp or mangrove forest, which is in stark contrast to the situation in other countries within the region. These forests are rich with species of plants and animals, but face threats due to development, peat drainage and fires.

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Reducing the risk of floods and landslides in the Philippines

Population pressures and the over- and misuse of natural resources has resulted in widespread ecosystem degradation and led to the increased risk of (elongated) floods and landslides. In four sites in the Philippines, both urban and rural, we are working to reduce the risk of these water-related disasters.

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Strengthening Coastal Resilience for Communities in Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia

We work to reduce the impacts of frequent disasters on vulnerable communities in Nusa Tenggara Timur, utilising innovate approaches to improve water management, sustainable livelihoods, ecosystem restoration, disaster risk reduction and the adaptive capacity of local communities. Through our Bio-rights microcredit scheme we improve the livelihoods of communities that restore their ecosystems by, for example, the planting of mangroves and other productive trees.

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Waterbird Population Estimates Database

The Waterbird Population Estimates (WPE) online database provides current and historic estimates, trends and 1% thresholds for over 800 waterbird species and 2300 biogeographic populations worldwide. This project has been developed by Wetlands International with the support of Environment Canada and the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. Visit the Waterbird Population Estimates Database

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Restoring abandoned shrimp ponds in Indonesia

Abandoned shrimp ponds in Java, Indonesia are a threat to local populations’ health and make the coastal areas vulnerable to strong winds, tidal floods, salt water intrusion and abrasion. In Banten Bay and Pemalang we show how practical fighting poverty and improving family income can go hand in hand with restoring degraded wetlands, such as these abandoned shrimp ponds. Our approach has strongly improved the food security and health of the communities we worked with.

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Saving and restoring peat swamp areas

With years of scientific research and extensive demonstration projects, carried out in Argentina to Siberia and Southeast Asia, we have built up an extensive expertise in peatland restoration. We now use our knowledge to promote and implement large-scale projects to save and rehabilitate peatlands.

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Ecological Mangrove Restoration in Thailand

Wetlands International promotes Ecological Mangrove Restoration; an innovative technique of restoring degraded mangrove forests by only restoring the hydrology to its natural state. Compared to seedling planting projects, this approach is significantly cheaper and creates a mangrove forest with more different species of mangroves and other flora and fauna. Krabi Estuary, a Ramsar Site of International Importance, located in Southwest of Thailand, was selected to demonstrate the approach. 

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Sustaining mangroves with communities in Sedili Kecil, Johor, Malaysia

In Sedili Kecil, Johor, Malaysia, we aim to raise awareness on the importance of the conservation of mangrove forests among local communities. We also encourage their involvement in rehabilitating mangroves and strengthening their capacity to implement techniques for sustainable use and monitor the mangroves.

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Restoration of coastal hydrology at Tanjung Piai, Malaysia

Wetlands International Project looked into the problems with erosion in Tanjung Piai which was designated as a Ramsar site in 2003. The coastal mangroves are an important landmark of Malaysia: the most southern tip of the Asian Continent.

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Conservation of Palau Kukup Mangrove Island, Johor, Malaysia

In Johor, Malaysia, Wetlands International promotes the conservation and wise use of Palau Kukup Mangrove Island among the local community and visitors to Kukup wetlands.

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Green Coast - the Tsunami Response

Through Green Coast we restored thousands of hectares of coast that were damaged by the Tsunami. Green Coast adopted a unique approach: restoration & management of coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, sand dunes and coral reefs through a community-led approach. This improved the biodiversity and economic well-being of hundreds of coastal communities in five countries: India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.

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Linking Mangrove Conservation to Local Livelihood Improvement in South-East Johor

Mangroves worldwide provide countless benefits to mankind, yet they are constantly under threat from land conversion and development activities. The loss of mangroves often results in devastating effects on coastal communities who rely on these habitats for their survival, such as those on the Johor coast. 

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Asia-Pacific Working Group on Migratory Birds and Avian Influenza

Improving our understanding of the role of wild birds in avian influenza, particularly highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 has been a priority for Wetlands International. To support regional cooperation, the Asia-Pacific Working Group on Migratory Birds and Avian Influenza beings together representatives from government agencies in the Asia-Pacific region, international NGOs, convention secretariats and international organisations and independent experts. It serves as a Working Group of the East Asian - Australasian Flyway Partnership and is jointly convened by Wetlands International and FAO.

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Dragonfly (Odonata) study

Report on Odonata Study done on a recent survey at Ayer Hitam Peatswamp Forest in the state of Johor, Malaysia.

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Dragonfly study

Dragonfly are interesting insects that resemble minature airplanes and are commonly found in wetland areas. They are sensitive to environmental conditions and this makes them great indicators of ecosystem health. Not much is known about these remarkable creatures as they are very much understudied.  Read more ...

NAHRIM-Constructed wetlands

Rehabilitation of Wetland Cell and Replanting of Wetland Plant at Tasik NAHRIM (National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia)

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Peat Fish Study

A Peat Fish Study has been done at the Ayer Hitam Forest Reserve in the state of Johor. Two surveys were done during which a number of species have been identified including the endangered Betta Persephone.

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Ayer Hitam Peat Swamp Forest – The Last Black Jewel of West Johor

Ayer Hitam Peat Swamp Forest is the last remaining peatswamp forest in the state of Johor, Malaysia. Wetlands Inernational is working together with the State Government to protect and conserve the area.

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Ecotourism in Sedili Kechil, Johor, Malaysia

This project aimed to stimulate ecotourism in Sedili Kechil in Johor province of Malaysia to strengthen the livelihoods of the local community of Sedili.

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Wetlands and Livelihoods Programme

This programme focused on the mainstreaming of sustainable wetland management principles and practice into the development of poverty reduction strategies through local and international partnerships in DAC1 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. It did so by enhancing of existing and supporting development of new policies at local, national and international levels, with specific inclusion of the water and health sectors and by ensuring due attention to the need for equitable development.

 

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An Action Plan for the Peatlands within the Heart of Borneo (HOB) area in the context of rehabilitating degraded peatlands and reducing CO2 emissions

The project developed a plan for hydrological, restoration of degraded peatlands in Brunei within the Heart of Borneo initiative. It also addressed the regional cooperation and mutual partnerships between the three HOB countries, built capacity in relevant government constitution and built awareness at high levels of government to promote adoption of rehabilitation measures for preventing carbon emissions, fires and haze and have a positive impact on climate both regionally and globally.

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Biodiversity Assessment of the Mangrove Forests in Sulu-Sulawesi

Wetlands International developed a comprehensive picture of the status of mangrove ecosystems in the proposed Tun Mustapha Park, Kudat Priority Conservation Area, Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion.

 
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Developing a Practical Guide on Coastal Mangrove Rehabilitation

The guidebook will provide useful techniques and lessons learned from the current mangrove replanting sites in Malaysia and in neighbouring countries for local communities in mangrove rehabilitation projects.

 

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Impact Assessment for the coasts of Thailand

The Coastal Habitats and Resources Management (CHARM) project was a five year collaboration between the European Union (EU) and the Royal Thai Government (RTG), implemented through the Department of Fisheries (DoF) and CHARM's own staff. CHARM aimed to produce a coastal resource management framework through the promotion of co-management between the RTG at all levels and the private sector, non-government organizations and local communities.

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Rapid Assessment of Waterbirds and Wetlands along the Ranong and Phang-Nga Coastal Areas, Thailand

The project aimed to assess the importance of wetlands along the Ranong and Phang-Nga coast for biodiversity, and specifically to identify critical areas for waterbirds and wetland habitat conservation and promote their values as indicators of the overall biodiversity in the area.

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The role of wetlands for reducing poverty at Pattani Bay, Thailand

This project aimed to raise awareness among the development and humanitarian aid sector for the need to take the values of wetlands into account in their plans and activities for Pattani Bay. The project has been successful in promoting mangrove replanting and for establishment of community patrol for illegal fishing gears.

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East Asian - Australasian Flyway Partnership Communication Support

The project involves creation of a special communication enhancement package to support the development of the East Asian - Australasian Flyway Partnership: the partnership aimed at conservation of the migratory waterbird populations and the wetland areas they depend on.

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First meeting of the Asia-Pacific Working Group on Migratory Waterbirds and Avian Influenza

This project involved the first meeting of the Asia-Pacific Working Group on Migratory Waterbirds and Avian Influenza, which aimed to establish a regional network of management agencies and organizations of Asia-Pacific that facilitates collaboration on research and monitoring of Avian Influenza (AI) in wild waterbirds. it was held in Beijing in vember 2007, with wide representation.

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Side event on Peatlands and Climate Change

Stakeholders Outreach on Unsustainable Use of the Peatlands and Climate Change

Wetlands International in Malaysia held at the side event of the Regional Climate Change Conference organised by the Ministry of Environment & Natural Resources & The British High Commission. The side-event brought stakeholders in Malaysia together to share their views on climate change and the environment, especially the peatlands.

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Wetland and Biodiversity Enhancement for the Ras Al Khor Wetlands in Dubai

The project involved providing consultancy services on a low impact development project that would have minimal disturbance on the wildlife and environment, as well as enhancing eco-tourism activities, biodiversity enhancement opportunities of this important wetland site.

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Status of peatland in Malaysia: Its relation to CO2 emissions and climate change

There are increasing pressures on peatland areas for conversion, especially for conversion to oil palm plantations, anticipating the increased demand for oil palm as a biofuel. This will result in substantially increased CO2 emissions from converted peatlands, increased incidence of fire and increased periods of “haze". Of particular concern is the potential for oil palm plantations to expand into High Conservation Value peat swamp forest (HCVPSF). This project aimed at gathering and disseminating relevant information on these threats.

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Habitat and Biological Diversity Enhancement and Improvement

 The project works with the Royal Selangor Golf Club to enhance its wetland habitat on its golf greens.

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Wetland Resource Centre in Malaysia

 To develop a Wetland Resource Centre, managed by Wetlands International Malaysia, where information on wetlands and related topics is easily obtainable for, in the first place, (Malaysian) decision-makers, planners, other NGOs, consultants, scholars and student, and in the second place anyone else who might be in need for such information and so, on the long run well informed decision.

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Develop capacity of Malaysia’s Environmental NGOs in Integrated Water Resource Management

Wetlands International - Malaysia in partnership with the Malaysian Environmental NGO (MENGO) developed a programme empower society, mobilise community action, capitalise local knowledge and raise awareness among the public sector for Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) Wetlands International Malaysia played a coordinating role in this project.

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Development of the East Asian - Australasian Flyway Partnership

This activity comprises several separately funded actions all of which support development of the Flyway Partnership for East Asia - Australasia, including: hosting of the Partnership Secretariat during 2008; national workshops in Flyway countries; and support to Meetings of Partners including drafting of technical documents.

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Australasian Flyway Documents Translation

 Translation of the Australasian Flyway Documents from English to Bahasa Malaysia.

 

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Environmental screening study of Sungai Seria & Estuary, Brunei

Sungai Seria and its surrounding wetlands have repeatedly been recognized as an area of potential high environmental and biodiversity value. The screening should allow BSP to make a proper assessment of the Biodiversity Action Plan requirements for this area and is intended as a first step in a more elaborate assessment plan.

 

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East Asian - Australasian Flyway Partnership: preliminary phase

This project involves the establishment of the partnership for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Migratory Waterbirds and their Habitats in the East Asian – Australasian Flyway. Wetlands International has been the driving force behind the initiative.

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Post Tsunami Restoration in Indonesia

The earthquake and tsunami catastrophe which hit Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam and Nias Province on December 26, 2004 caused extensive damage. The damage has not only been physical; the disaster has created a traumatic and impoverished society, and has altered the environment as well.

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Sharing experiences for improved peatland management planning and practice in South-east Asia

The project aimed to enhance the awareness levels of key stakeholder groups on peatland issues and to provide possible solutions. This was done through the first pilot project in Malaysia for peatland restoration using an integrated approach of conservation, restoration and development.

 

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Ecological Assessment on Pulau Aur, Johor, Malaysia

Ecological Assessment  study on Pulau Aur, Johor, Malaysia

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Kranji Reservoir, Singapore

A Pilot Enhancement Wetland to Improve Water Quality Standard at Kranji Reservoir, Singapore

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Wetland at Dianchi Lake, Kunming, China

Wetlands International has been involved as Wetland Specialists to the treatment wetland cum wetland park development project at east bank of Dianchi Lake, Kunming, Yunnan Province.

The main objective of this man made wetland system is to improve lake water from Dianchi

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Conservation Experiences with Peat Swamp Forests

The primary objective of this project was to develop and implement plans and to encourage processes that will ensure the conservation and sustainable use of globally significant genetic, species and ecosystem diversity within tropical peat swamp forests (PSFs) in Malaysia.

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Environmental Eduction programes

An Environmental Education Programme carried out at Tasek Bera to inculcate the impulse for conservation amongst Semelai schoolchildren.

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Ramsar sites in Malaysia

Conservation of Ramsar sites in Malaysia

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Wetland Inventory, Assessment and Monitoring System in Malaysia

Developing a proposed framework for a Wetland Inventory, Assessment and Monitoring System (WIAMS) in Malaysia

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Project at Kota Kemuning

Rehabilitation of a drainage System Using a Constructed Wetland at Kota Kemuning.

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Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment at Putrajaya

Realization of constructed wetlands for waste water treatment. An example of a water management system in an urban setting.

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