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Policy brief on climate issues for CBD COP 10

With this brief, delegates at CBD are asked to decide on actions to address climate change emissions due to ecosystem loss and by making sure that biodiversity values are maintained or even improved by actions for climate change mitiation (such as REDD, bIofuel production, reforestation).

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Presentation at UN Biodiversity summit COP 10 about peatlands and climate

Presented by Alex Kaat on 19 October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, During the 10th Conference of Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

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Q&A on AFOLU, ‘wetland management’ and the road to land-based accounting

Better management of terrestrial carbon stores (reservoirs) and fluxes (emissions and removals) can make a substantial contribution to reducing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. This Question & Answer booklet aims to give insight into the opportunities and obstacles with regard to reporting and accounting for changes in carbon stores in, and anthropogenic greenhouse gas fluxes from, terrestrial ecosystems. Special attention is paid to ‘wetland management’, a proposed new accounting activity under LULUCF for which huge emissions reduction potentials are readily available. This Question and Answer booklet on AFOLU (Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses) has been developed for the UN-FCCC negotiations on land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) and was produced by Wetlands International and the University of Greifswald.

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Policy brief for the Convention on Biological Diversity 2010

The meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2010 (COP 10) has put the biodiversity target for 2020 on the agenda. These targets in fact set the agenda regarding biodiversity policies for the coming years. Wetlands International international has used this document to advocate for improved  targets; focusing on the role of healthy ecosystems for water supplies and carbon storage.

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The Global Peatland CO2 Picture

The report presents the first overview ever of peatland carbon data for all countries and regions of the world.  For every country/area information is given on extent and status of peatlands, volume of the peat resource and on CO2 emissions from different types of land use, both for the year 1990 as well as for the year 2008.

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Panduan Pengelolaan Budidaya Tambak Ramah Lingkungan di Daerah Mangrove

Budidaya tambak ramah lingkungan ramai didengungkan akibat kerusakan lingkungan pesisir (mangrove) yang parah, salah satunya akibat kegiatan pembukaan lahan untuk tambak. Sehingga konsep budidaya tambak ramah lingkungan lebih sering disebut sebagai budidaya tambak yang melestarikan mangrove sebagai jalur hijau atau penanaman mangrove di tambak (silvofishery).

 

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Input for the 2020 targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Input from Wetlands International on the draft targets for 2020 of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

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Current and future CO2 emissions from drained peatlands in Southeast Asia

This is the first peer reviewed scientific article on the global carbon dioxide emissions due to peatsoil degradation and loss, with a focus on Southeast Asia. The article is based on the work for the report Peat-CO2 that presents the shocking figures about emissions due to drainage and fires in Southeast Asia.

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The Need for the Review of the UNFCCC’s Forest-Related Terms, Definitions and Classifications

Allowing plantations to be classed as forests for the purpose of enabling engagement with emerging carbon trading markets will create perverse incentives that actually finance conversion of natural forests by wood / paper product and oil palm plantation companies with the associated significant loss of biodiversity1. The conversion of natural forests, whether to wood plantations or oil palm plantations, creates substantial greenhouse gas emissions, with up to 80% of carbon lost to the atmosphere depending on the type of forest ecosystem and the type of plantation which replaces it.

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Submission to the Programme of Work on the Biological Diversity of Inland Water Ecosystems

This submission to the CBD technical meeting in May 2010 in Nairobi (SBSTTA) contains Wetlands International's suggestions on the Indepth Programme of Work on Inland Waters.

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Joint NGO Submission to CBD SBSTTA on forest, climate and biofuels programmes of work

The organisations of Pro Natura (Friends of the Earth Switzerland), Wetlands International, Humane
Society International and The Wilderness Society are working together in order to strengthen and safeguard biodiversity aspects in climate change mitigation policy, with the aim to create synergies in incentives to conserve forests, wetlands, peatlands and other natural habitats. We have engaged ourselves since 2008 in the context of the UNFCCC negotiations. The CBD has an important role in addressing biodiversity aspects in the UNFCCC negotiations. We therefore wish to make joint a proposal related to these topics to the 14th SBSTTA of the CBD in Nairobi.

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Submission to Bolivia summit to call for review forest definitions UNFCCC

From 20 to 22 April 2010 The People’s World Conference took place in Cochabamba, Bolivia. Wetlands International jointly with partner organisations provided input to the Bolivia Summit to call for a review of forest defintions, terms and classifications under the UNFCCC for the purpose of the negotiated REDD+ policy (reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries). Without clear distinction between natural forests and plantations, there is a high risk that under the UNFCCC this will create financial incentives for the conversion of natural forests including their organic soils (peatlands) to wood / paper and oil palm plantations.

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Letter to the European Commission on the implementation of the EU Biofuel Directive

This is a letter from a long list of NGOs and sent by Wetlands International to the European Commission on the implementation of the EU Biofuel Directive. In the letter the coalition wishes to express its deep concern and alarm over the draft Commission Communication on the practical implementation of the EU Biofuels and bioliquids sustainability schemes

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Indonesia Programme's Summary 2005-2009

This publication is a 5-year overview of the activities of the Wetlands International Indonesia Programme (WI-IP). Wetlands International Indonesia Programma (WI-IP) is part of the global network of Wetlands International, working at global, regional, national and local levels to achieve the goals of conservation and wise use of wetlands, as a contribution to the realisation of sustainable development. Its mission is:  to sustain and conserve wetlands, including their resources and biodiversity for future generations. To achieve this mission, WI-IP does and will continue to work together with all relevant elements of society and government, including educational institutions, media and the private sector. 

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Peat swamp forests and palm oil

This presentation was made for the meeting with EU at the end of January 2010. It discusses the following issues: 

  • Where and what are peatlands
  • Peatland loss and carbon emissions
  • Biofuels, palm oil and peatland loss
  • What is / should be done
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Information sheet on palm oil & peatlands

This paper shines light on the issue of greenhouse gas emissions due to conversion of areas with peatsoils for palm oil production, including for biodiesel. The paper will focus on palm oil in Southeast Asia; the most relevant area for vegetable oil production on peatlands, with alarming greenhouse gas emissions as a result.

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Policy brief against CDM support for forest plantations

Briefing note against the proposal to give carbon credits under the Clean Development Mechanism to project to just continue existing plantations. The proposed Article 13 opens the opportunity for CDM to support tree plantations in areas that were (as of December 31 1989) or are a plantation at the start of the CDM project activity, but may be cleared or converted to “exhaustion” within 5 years. 5 Reasons against the proposal are mentioned.

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Wetlands International Policy brief UN climate Conference Copenhagen

This policy brief summarises the position of Wetlands International for a post-2012 climate agreement. It provides text suggestions for incorporating the emissions from peatlands in decisions on land use emissions in both developed countries and developing countries. Currently, peatland emission remain unaccounted in Annex 1 countries and are in danger to remain ignored under REDD schemes. The policy brief also emphasises the role of wetland conservation and restoration in climate change adaptation strategies. 

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Poster - Peatland loss fuels climate change

The title of this poster is "Peatland loss fuels climate change". It is a cartoon showing the conversion of peatlands into palm oil plantation, which causes the relases of CO2 through burning practices as well as oxidation of the peat soil from the deforestation and drainage. The palm oil company employee has his pockets filled with dollars, stating "We plant oil palm to save the climate, and get REDD and biofuels subsidies".

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Postcard - Peatland loss fuels climate change

The title of this postcard is "Peatland loss fuels climate change". It is a cartoon showing the conversion of peatlands into palm oil plantation, which causes the relases of CO2 through burning practices as well as oxidation of the peat soil from the deforestation and drainage. The palm oil company employee has his pockets filled with dollars, stating "We plant oil palm to save the climate, and get REDD and biofuels subsidies".

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Poster-Reducing emissions from peatlands: A global responsibility

This the A3 sized poster of:

Reducing emissions from peatlands:

A global responsibility.

Support reducing emissions from peatlands under LULUCF and REDD

You can download by clicking on the link.

 

 

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Postcard-Reducing emissions from peatlands: A global responsibility

This is the postcard of:

Reducing emissions from peatlands:

A global responsibility. 

Support reducing emissions from peatlands under LULUCF and REDD.

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The Global Peatland Fund flyer

This the flyer of the Global Peatland Fund, which reduces greenhouse gas emissions by rehabilitating degraded peatlands – especially peatswamp rainforests in Southeast Asia. Peatland rehabilitation and conservation are extremely cost effective carbon mitigation options (US$7 to US$17 per tonne of CO2).

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A Quick Scan of Peatlands in Central and Eastern Europe

A Quick Scan of Peatlands in Central and Eastern Europe reviews the status, conservation and use of peatlands in the countries participating in the BBI-Matra Programme (Belarus, Russian Federation, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia and Turkey). Geographically, it covers central and eastern Europe together with the non-European part of the Russian Federation.

 

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Policy brief to UN climate negotiations 2-6 November Barcelona

The drainage of peatlands leads to huge CO2 emissions. Wetlands International advocates for a new Climate Agreement to include a decision for efforts to halt these emissions. Wetlands International has therefore prepared a policy brief for negotiators which shows text proposals to enable this. This policy brief focuses on the inclusion of peatlands in the proposed REDD policy (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest degradation). 

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Fact book for UNFCCC policies on peat carbon emissions

This fact book provides insight in the global greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands. It was made to inform delegations at the UN climate change conventions. 

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Policy brief LCA KP Bangkok Climate Talks - Sept/Oct. 2009

This document provides the input from Wetlands International with regard to addressing emissions from peatlands and other wetlands under negotiation at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Bangkok in the end of September and beginning of October 2009. It includes "Peatlands, REDD+ & NAMA’s" as well as "Peatlands and LULUCF Kyoto Protocol".

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生物权利的理论与实践 (Biorights)

生物权利是一种创新的财务机制,旨在使脱贫和环保相结合,通过提供小额贷款支持可持续发展。生物权利办法可使地方社区摒弃不可持续活动,并积极参与到环境保护和恢复中来。在合同期结束时,如果顺利完成环境保护服务,则小额贷款可转化为最终付款。生物权利将市场驱动工具整合到了较为传统的保护与发展措施中,从而提供了一条创新办法,即地方社区提供生态系统服务,例如,碳吸收、淡水供应和生物多样性等,并由全球的利益相关者支付报酬。这样一来,生物权利办法就将非政府组织、政府、私营部门和地方社区的环保和发展意愿融为了一体。多个实际应用项目证实,作为一个强有力的工具,生物权利可解决当今面临的重大环境问题,包括气候变化和生物多样性损失。鉴于针对减少发展中国家的毁林和森林退化的排放(REDD)发展和联合国千年发展目标所做出的大量工作,生物权利有可能实现全球目标。

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Peatlands in National Inventory Submissions 2009

An analysis of the National Inventory Submissions of European countries with respect to GHG emissions from peatlands/organic soils with identification of gaps and proposals for improvement. This report was produced for the UNFCCC climate change meeting in Bonn, August 2009. The substantial greenhouse gas emissions from peatland drainage can largely be avoided through peatland rewetting and restoration. There is, however, doubt to whether emission reductions from peatland can be correctly quantified and transparently reported. This report analyses the most recent (2009) National Inventory Submissions of 10 European countries to evaluate their experiences with the reporting of anthropogenic peatland emissions.

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Methane emission from peat soils (organic soils, histosols) - Facts, MRV-ability, emission factors.

This report looks at methane emissions from wet peatlands, discusses the mechanisms behind these emissions, and presents tentative emission factors. This report was produced for the UNFCCC climate change meeting in Bonn, August 2009. Huge reductions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions can be attained by rewetting drained peatlands. A post-2012 framework aiming at peatland rewetting must, however, also address associated methane (CH4) emissions.

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Wetlands International Policy brief on LCA & KP - 5 Aug '09

This policy brief provides an analysis of both the REDD section in the LCA text (d.d. 22 June) and add.2 & 3 of the KP text (d.d.1 July) with regards to addressing emissions from degraded wetlands/peatland. Please download this policy brief with our comments and recommendations as input for the upcoming intersessional informal consultations in Bonn, 10-14 August 2009.

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Submission to the European Commission regarding indirect land use change due to biofuels

This is the joint submission of the EU Biofuels Coalition on the Issue  of indirect land use change (ILUC) in relation to the growing demands for biofuels.

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Emission factors for managed peat soils - An analysis of IPCC default values

This paper evaluates IPCC approaches to greenhouse gas emissions from managed organic (peat) soils and notices that the IPCC Guidelines 2006. This report was produced for the UNFCCC Climate Change Talks in Bonn, June 2009. Peatland drainage leads to peat oxidation, resulting in large losses of carbon and nitrogen to theatmosphere with an estimated global magnitude of 2-3 Gt/CO2-eq per year. The conservation and restoration of peatlands can provide a major contribution to the mitigation of climate change. Improving guidance and capacity for reporting of peatland emissions will prove valuable to the current negotiations towards a post-2012 climate agreement.

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Are emission reductions from peatlands MRV-able?

Globally very significant GHG benefits can accrue by avoiding peatland degradation and by actively restoring peatlands. This report, produced for the UNFCCC Climate Change Talks in Bonn, June 2009, addresses the question whether the results of such actions are measurable, reportable and verifiable.

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ECA Submission on REDD- 24 April 2009

This submission covers issues relating to REDD, which the ECA is calling for incorporation into negotiating text for consideration at the sixth session of the AWG-LCA. It has been issued by ECA in response to an invitation for submissions by 24 April 2009 relating to the elements of paragraph 1 of the Bali Action Plan. Read more ...

ECA Submission on LULUCF - 24 April 2009

This submission covers issues relating to LULUCF in response to the call for submissions, by 24 April 2009, on the Annex to the AWG-KP Chair’s conclusions on Land use, land-use change and forestry (FCCC/KP/AWG/2009/L.3) of 8 April 2009, ‘Options and proposals on how to address definitions, modalities, rules and guidelines for the treatment of land use, land use change and forestry’.

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De-constructing LULUCF and its perversities

The rules, definitions and guidelines on land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) under the Kyoto Protocol contain what are routinely referred to as the LULUCF perversities, since their application results are regarded as ' perverse' in relation to climate change. This brief guide explains the complexities of land use change and forestry components of LULUCF and identifies the key problems in the LULUCF rules and definitions.

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Submission Bali Action Plan - Ecosystem Climate Alliance (ECA)

This submission to the UNFCCC covers the position of the Ecosystem Climate Alliance (ECA) for the fulfillment of the Bali Action Plan. Wetlands International is one of the initiators of ECA, a newly established network of Environmental and Social NGOs committed to keeping natural terrestrial ecosystems intact, on and in the ground, and out of the atmosphere, in an equitable and transparent way.

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Submissions to UNFCCC AWG-LCA and AWG-KP on mitigation

Wetlands International brings its views and policy proposals with regard to the role of wetlands in a new climate change treaty to the attention of the UNFCCC delegates. This is in view of the invitation for the submissions for Parties due in February.

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Including peatlands in post-2012 Climate Agreements:

A report on the policy options to include peatlands in UN-climate policies. Produced as input for Wetlands International's policy activities during the UNFCCC climate summit (COP 14) in Poznan, December 2008. Produced by Joanneum Research, Austria, Commissioned by Wetlands International

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Advice to the UNFCCC Contracting Parties (COP 14, 2008)

This brief was used by the team of Wetlands International attending COP 14 in Poznan, Poland (December 2008). The aim is to advice delegations on the different issues on the agenda in different committees of the COP.

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Provisional report of the Central Kalimantan Peatland Project

In December 2005 the Central Kalimantan Peatland Project (CKPP) was established with the overall objective of conserving the natural and economic value of the peatswamp areas of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. This report describes the experience and lessons learned over the three-year project. It explains the project's approach, the challenges of succesful peatland restoration and conservation, the project's achievements, and future opportunities for this area and other peatland regions in Indonesia.

Through the production of this draft document, the CKPP consortium would like to invite comments from people interested in CKPP’s work.

 

 

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Pérdida de turberas alimenta el cambio climático

Las emisiones globales producto de la pérdida de suelos orgánicos de turba suman más de 3000 millones de toneladas de dióxido de carbono (Tm/CO2) por año; esto representa cerca del 10% de todas las emisiones antropogénicas globales.

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Letter to the members of the Dutch Parliament on International Biomass policy

This letter (in Dutch) indicates five clear gaps in the national biomass policy of The Netherlands between actual policy and reality in the field. It is sent to the members of the permanent Committee for Foreign Affairs of the Duth Parliament.

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Palm Oil production, peatlands & CO2 Emissions (video)

This video tells the story how peatlands are drained and turned into oil palm plantations in Southeast Asia. Palm oil is used in many products, from shampoo to cookies. But their production causes peatland draining, peat fires, and the loss of habitats for many endangered species, such as the Orangutan and Sumatran Rhino.

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Poster: Peatland Degradation Fuels Climate Change

Poster created for the UNFCCC meetings to show that the global climate community is doing nothing to address the significant emissions from peatland loss.

 

 

 

 

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Restoring the peat swamp forests of Indonesia (videos)

These videos (English & Bahasa indonesia) tell the story how we restored the drained and degraded peat swamp forest of Central Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia together with communities. These areas are causing huge CO2 emissions from oxidation of peat. Our work with partners under the Central Kalimantan Peatland Project (CKPP) has found an effective approach on restoring these peatlands and improving the people's livelihoods. Watch the video online.

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Suggestions pour la version préliminaire des Résolutions pour la COP 10 de la Convention Ramsar sur les zones humides

Dans ce document , nous soulignons nos recommendations pour les Résolutions de la Convention Ramsar COP 10 en République de Corée qui a lieu du 28 Octobre au 4 Novembre 2008.

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Cambios propuestos a los Proyectos de Resolución para la COP 10 de la Convención de Ramsar sobre los Humedales

En este documento resaltamos (en negrita) las enmiendas propuestas para los Proyectos de Resolución para la COP X en Corea. Por favor no dude en contactarnos para cualquier consulta. Esperamos contar con su apoyo en Corea.

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A moratorium on palm oil from tropical peatlands

Proposed resolution to be adopted at the 5th General Assembly of the Roundtable of Sustainable Palm Oil 20 November 2008 in Bali. The resolution calls for a moratorium on palm oil from tropical peatlands based on the precautionary approach in the RSPO Principles & Criteria, and the formation of the Greenhouse Gas Emissions committee to deliver its findings and recommendations by the 7th RSPO meeting in 2009.

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