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The Role of Mangroves in Fisheries Enhancement

Some 210 million people live in low elevation areas within 10 km of mangroves and many of these directly benefit from mangrove-associated fisheries. Yet, these people are often unaware of the key role mangroves may play, especially if the associated fisheries are offshore.

A new study by Wetlands International, The Nature Conservancy and the University of Cambridge, concludes that mangrove conservation and restoration in areas close to human populations will render the greatest return on investment with respect to enhancing fisheries. 

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The Marshlands of Southern Iraq

This report is the result of a comparative analysis of the Marshlands of Southern Iraq to six other wetlands in the world. The study was carried out as input for the nomination process of the Marshlands of Southern Iraq as a World Heritage Site. 

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Environmental and social impacts of oil palm cultivation on tropical peat

This report provides a review of available scientific information and published literature on impacts of using tropical peat for oil palm cultivation in Southeast Asia. It describes carbon flows and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from native and degraded forest and oil palm plantations on peat, as well as other environmental impacts and social and economic aspects of the cultivation of oil palm on peat. Based on the available literature, the report presents conclusions on the gaps in knowledge, uncertainties and confusion in existing datasets. 

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Workshop Report on Woodcock and Snipe

This volume is the Proceedings of the Seventh European Woodcock and Snipe Workshop organised by the Woodcock & Snipe Specialist Group of IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and Wetlands International. This international meeting was held in May 2011 in Saint-Petersburg, Russia and attended by 50 participants from 11 countries.

It contains 27 papers and abstracts covering a wide range of topics on biology, monitoring and management, chiefly focusing on Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) and Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago). 
 
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Challenges to the integration of wetlands into IWRM: The case of the Inner Niger Delta (Mali) and the Lobau Floodplain (Austria)

The authors recognize that wetlands are poorly integrated in river basin management. Governments that endorsed the Ramsar Convention recognise the importance of the wetlands in Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) using the "critical path" approach but is not widely implemented.

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Surveillance of wild waterbirds for Avian Influenza viruses in Lithuania

This a new paper on avian influenza in wild birds in Lithuania that was recently published in Lithuanian Journal of Veterinary.

 

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Integrating human health into wetland management for the Inner Niger Delta, Mali

Livelihood and water-related diseases are strongly linked to wetland management. The majority of wetland stakeholders in the Inner Niger Delta, Mali considered human health and sanitation the most important criteria of a list of challenges and water-related pressures. Yet, a methodology to integrate health risks and opportunities into wetland management plans has previously not been proposed, despite the clear links and substantial real-life challenges. In this paper, a framework is presented to do this in data-poor context structured around the process to evaluate and prioritise the appropriateness of management options to improve human health.

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Investigating Avian Influenza Infection Hotspots in Old- World Shorebirds

In this study the authors, including our own Bouba Fofana of our Mali Office and Associate Expert Tim Dodman, looked for Avian Influenza Virus (AIV) hotspots associated with other shorebird species and/or with some of the larger congregation sites of shorebirds in the old world. They assembled and analysed a regionally extensive dataset of AIV prevalence from 69 shorebird species sampled in 25 countries across Africa and Western Eurasia. Despite this diverse and extensive coverage we did not detect any new shorebird AIV hotspots. Neither large shorebird congregation sites nor the ruddy turnstone were consistently associated with AIV hotspots.

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Eco-Virological Approach for Assessing the Role of Wild Birds in the Spread of Avian Influenza H5N1 along the Central Asian Flyway

A unique pattern of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 outbreaks has emerged along the Central Asia Flyway, where infection of wild birds has been reported with steady frequency since 2005. We assessed the potential for two hosts of HPAI H5N1, the bar-headed goose (Anser indicus) and ruddy shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), to act as agents for virus dispersal along this ‘thoroughfare’.

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Peatland biodiversity and climate change

It is shown that peatlands are characterized by specific biological diversity on the genetic, species, ecosystem, and landscape levels. They often present the best preserved areas, habitats, and shelters for biological species. Peatlands form a specific environment and play a significant part in the regulation of climate due to their participation in the water and carbon cycles. They are characterized by a wide range of biodiversity; spatial heterogeneity; and a particular structural and functional integrity, which is determined by the interrelations between excessive moisture, peatland vegetation, and peat. The scope of all the features mentioned presupposes a specific, often ambiguous, response of peatlands and their biodiversity to climate change.

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