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Publication of Technical report

Resiliencia: el papel de los servicios ecosistémicos en sociedades y paisajes cambiantes

En este breve documento, veremos qué tienen en común los diferentes enfoques que se proponen sobre el concepto de resiliencia y qué características o elementos serían deseables para que una sociedad aumente su resiliencia frente a situaciones de cambio e incertidumbre. Asimismo, propondremos una reflexión acerca del papel que juega la planificación del espacio territorial, el manejo de los paisajes y de los servicios ambientales o ecosistémicos, en mantener y aumentar la resiliencia en condiciones de riesgo creciente.

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Micro-projects to Strengthen Community Resilience

To build the resilience of 23 communities with a high disaster risk rating, the Partners for Resilience (PfR) run micro projects, applying the integrated approach that combines Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) with Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Ecosystem Management and  Restoration (EMR). These communities have analysed their needs and solutions to be dealt with in a micro project. Furthermore, community beneficiaries are trained and their awareness is raised to help them understand how micro projects will contribute to risk reduction, climate change adaptation and ecosystem management and restoration.

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Climate Change Roundtables

Throughout Guatemala, Climate Change Roundtables (MCC) have been created with the purpose of reaching consensus and implementing policies, strategies, and laws to take measures against the effects of climate change. From the outset it has been a goal of the Partners for Resilience
(PfR) programme to support the Climate Change Roundtable, to address issues related to the integrated DRR/CCA/EMR4 approach; in other words: not only to be a point of encounter, but also the necessary vehicle towards resilience.

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The Strategic Inter-Institutional Agenda in Guatemala

Working together to create resilient communities, the Partners for Resilience (PfR) identitied a significant opportunity to increase collaboration between the governing bodies in Guatemala. Partners for Resilience joins the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (MARN), the Executive Secretariat of the National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction (SE-CONRED), and the National Council for Protected Areas (CONAP) in the creation of the Strategic Inter-Institutional Agenda, endeavouring to reduce the vulnerability of rural communities with an integrated approach.

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FISH PASSES: fish ladders and other pass systems

Since the middle of the 20th century, humans have significantly altered the hydrological and hydraulic system of European rivers, with (hydropower) dams, dredging, rectifications, channelling, etc. One of the most damaging effects of these activities results from constructing crossing works over rivers (dams, waterwheels, bridge foundations, etc), which frequently impede or limit the free movement of fish fauna.

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ECOSYSTEM SERVICES AND RIVER RESTORATION

Understanding the economic and social value of ecosystem services in a river system can help prioritise river restoration projects. Currently, public administrations rarely consider river restoration projects as investments. Funding for restoring natural capital is substantially lower than the funding available to build and maintain built infrastructure. By reframing river restoration projects as restoration of natural capital it is possible to attract the financial resources needed to restore river systems and better integrate environmental and social values.

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HOW CAN A RIVER BE HYDROLOGICALLY RESTORED?

This technical note on river restoration discusses how hydrological restoration should be incorporated in river restoration, and which are the most adequate strategies to design and implement the restored (functional) flows in rivers. Restoration of a river's flow regime should be the first step in any attempt to recover its ecological integrity, as the flow pattern determines, more than any other physical or environmental feature, the structure and spatial-temporal functioning of the river system.

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WHAT IS RIVER RESTORATION?

This technical note explores the concept of river restoration, addressing it as a process to re-establish or recover a natural system through the elimination of the impacts that degrade it throughout a prolonged period of time, until a natural and self-sustaining functioning is achieved. The process of restoration must attain naturalness, functionality, dynamism, complexity, diversity and resilience of the natural system. Real restoration is, therefore, self-restoration.

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CHANNEL GRADIENT: Calculation process using GIS

This technical note on river restoration adresses the calculation of river channel gradients using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The channel gradient is a fundamental parameter in the geomorphologic characterisation of river systems; it is a reflection of the changes in the longitudinal sequence of a river through the presence of waterfalls, step pools (fasts and pools), riffle pools (rapids and pools), etc., which makes it a discriminating factor of environmental dynamics of differentiated processes.

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RIVER SINUOSITY INDEX: Geomorphological characterisation

This technoical notes on river restoration explores the concept of sinuosity. Sinuosity is used to define the degree of meandering of a riverbed, which is then used to establish geomorphological river types.

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