Scientific articles & reports

Wetland management planning – a methodology manual for managers

The wetland management planning manual provides a stepwise approach to formulate an integrated management plan. Compiled based on existing guidelines and best practices, this manual caters to the need of Indian wetland managers. This document is essentially a work in progress, and will be updated with more information soon.   more..

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Socio-economic valuation of the goods and services of the Paraná Delta wetland

When analysing social phenomena from an economic standpoint, resource allocation decisions are one of the aspects that are taken into account. In order to make these, decision makers consider different indicators, such as resource prices. Indicating the value of a resource in monetary terms can help care for it by explicitly establishing the cost of carrying out activities which are incompatible with the conservation or preservation of said resource. The economic valuation of natural ecosystem resources can influence policy decision-making, despite the difficulties inherent in this valuation process. It has been said that one of the reasons for the damage caused to wetlands is that there is no price on many of their functions, which therefore have no economic value for decision makers.

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Q&A To Constructed Wetlands

The booklet "Q&A To Constructed Wetlands" provides a better understanding on the use of constructed wetlands to treat wastewater as compared to conventional methods.  This booklet was jointly produced by The National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia (NAHRIM) and Wetlands International, Malaysia.

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The Marshlands of Southern Iraq

This report is the result of a comparative analysis of the Marshlands of Southern Iraq to six other wetlands in the world. The study was carried out as input for the nomination process of the Marshlands of Southern Iraq as a World Heritage Site. 

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Environmental and social impacts of oil palm cultivation on tropical peat

This report provides a review of available scientific information and published literature on impacts of using tropical peat for oil palm cultivation in Southeast Asia. It describes carbon flows and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from native and degraded forest and oil palm plantations on peat, as well as other environmental impacts and social and economic aspects of the cultivation of oil palm on peat. Based on the available literature, the report presents conclusions on the gaps in knowledge, uncertainties and confusion in existing datasets. 

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Practical guidance for implementing RSPO Principles & Criteria in relation to peatlands

This manual provides guidance to oil palm growers to adjust their planning and practices according to the new RSPO Principles and Criteria related to peatlands. These specific requirements address the issues of greenhouse gas emissions, soil subsidence and peat fires resulting from peatland drainage for oil palm cultivation. Some requirements relate to existing plantations on peat and others are relevant for the development of new plantations.

 

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Practical guidance for implementing RSPO Principles & Criteria in relation to peatlands

This manual provides guidance to oil palm growers to adjust their planning and practices according to the new RSPO Principles and Criteria related to peatlands. These specific requirements address the issues of greenhouse gas emissions, soil subsidence and peat fires resulting from peatland drainage for oil palm cultivation.

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The response of mangrove soil surface elevation to sea level rise

Coastal ecosystems such as mangroves can reduce risk to people and infrastructure from wave damage and flooding. The continued provision of these coastal defence services by mangroves is dependent on their capacity to adapt to projected rates of sea level rise. This report explores the capacity of mangrove soil surfaces to increase in elevation in response to local rises in sea level.

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Biofuels in Argentina

This publication addresses the many environmental and social issues associated with the growth in soybean cultivation in Argentina for biofuels production, and discusses the impacts on wetlands, the quality and quantity of water, biodiversity and people.

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Biocombustibles en Argentina

Los biocombustibles surgen como respuesta al acelerado agotamiento de los recursos energéticos fósiles y como un producto cuya combustión reduce la emisión de gases de efecto invernadero respecto a los carburantes fósiles. Sin embargo, con el incremento del empleo de biocombustibles a partir de cultivos agrícolas, se ha originado un debate acerca de los impactos de estos productos sobre el medio ambiente.

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Workshop Report on Woodcock and Snipe
This volume is the Proceedings of the Seventh European Woodcock and Snipe Workshop organised by the Woodcock & Snipe Specialist Group of IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and Wetlands International. This international meeting was held in May 2011 in Saint-Petersburg, Russia and attended by 50 participants from 11 countries.

It contains 27 papers and abstracts covering a wide range of topics on biology, monitoring and management, chiefly focusing on Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) and Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago). 
 
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Rivers by Design

A step-by-step guide for planners, developers, architects and landscape architects on how to maximise the benefits of river restoration in development projects.

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The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB), co-authored by Wetlands International, emphasises the enormous economic value of wetlands. TEEB For Water and Wetlands highlights the key role played by wetlands as natural infrastructure and the multitude of enormously productive services they provide around the world. The continued loss of wetlands illustrates the need for improved policy making and business decision making that accounts for their true value.

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Challenges to the integration of wetlands into IWRM: The case of the Inner Niger Delta (Mali) and the Lobau Floodplain (Austria)

The authors recognize that wetlands are poorly integrated in river basin management. Governments that endorsed the Ramsar Convention recognise the importance of the wetlands in Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) using the "critical path" approach but is not widely implemented.

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Surveillance of wild waterbirds for Avian Influenza viruses in Lithuania

This a new paper on avian influenza in wild birds in Lithuania that was recently published in Lithuanian Journal of Veterinary.

 

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Storm Surge Reduction by Mangroves

Mangroves can reduce storm surge water levels by slowing the flow of water and reducing surface waves. Therefore mangroves can potentially play a role in coastal defence and disaster risk reduction, either alone or alongside other risk reduction measures such as early warning systems and engineered coastal defence structures (e.g. sea walls).

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Peatlands – guidance for climate change mitigation by conservation, rehabilitation and sustainable use

This is the second edition of the publication that informs on management and finance options to achieve emissions reductions and enhance other vital ecosystem services from peatlands.

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Flyway trends for waterbird species important in lakes Ijsselmeer and Markermeer

The Lakes IJsselmeer and Markermeer form the largest fresh water lake complex in the Netherlands. They have a very important function for waterbirds as breeding, moulting, migration and wintering sites. Despite having protected status under the EU Birds Directive and the Ramsar Convention several important key species are in decline and identifying drivers behind this is important for future policy and management decisions.

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Integrating human health into wetland management for the Inner Niger Delta, Mali

Livelihood and water-related diseases are strongly linked to wetland management. The majority of wetland stakeholders in the Inner Niger Delta, Mali considered human health and sanitation the most important criteria of a list of challenges and water-related pressures. Yet, a methodology to integrate health risks and opportunities into wetland management plans has previously not been proposed, despite the clear links and substantial real-life challenges. In this paper, a framework is presented to do this in data-poor context structured around the process to evaluate and prioritise the appropriateness of management options to improve human health.

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The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

The draft report "The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands" was released as a contribution to the 11th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), convening in Hyderabad, India.

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Waterbird Populations Estimates Fifth Edition

This is the Summary Report of the Fifth Edition of the Waterbird Population Estimates, whose main objective is to provide a global overview of the status and trends of world’s waterbird populations; one of the most remarkable components of global biodiversity. It accompanies the searchable online Waterbird Information Portal (http://www.wetlands.org), which provides unprecedented access to all the data and information from five editions, as part of Wetlands InternationaI’s continuing commitment to supporting the Ramsar Convention and all those concerned with wetland and waterbird conservation and wise use.

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Investigating Avian Influenza Infection Hotspots in Old- World Shorebirds

In this study the authors, including our own Bouba Fofana of our Mali Office and Associate Expert Tim Dodman, looked for Avian Influenza Virus (AIV) hotspots associated with other shorebird species and/or with some of the larger congregation sites of shorebirds in the old world. They assembled and analysed a regionally extensive dataset of AIV prevalence from 69 shorebird species sampled in 25 countries across Africa and Western Eurasia. Despite this diverse and extensive coverage we did not detect any new shorebird AIV hotspots. Neither large shorebird congregation sites nor the ruddy turnstone were consistently associated with AIV hotspots.

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Information Pack on Conservation and Management on Peat Swamp Forest

This report from our Malaysia Office provides up to date knowledge on the conservation and management of peat swamp forests.

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Reduction of Wind and Swell Waves by Mangroves

This report focuses on mangrove forests and the role they can play in reducing wind and swell waves. While mangrove forests are usually found on shores with little incoming wave energy, they may receive larger waves during storms, hurricanes and periods of high winds. Large wind and swell waves can cause flooding and damage to coastal infrastructure. By reducing wave energy and height, mangroves can potentially reduce associated damage.

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Global Interflyway Network: Korea Workshop 2011

The international workshop organised in Seosan City, Republic of Korea, 17-20 October 2011 brought together experts from various flyway initiatives. The meeting provided an ideal opportunity to promote exchange of good practice and lessons learnt from these flyway initiatives which has led to the establishment of the Global Interflyway Network. These proceedings summarize the main outcomes of the meeting and identify priorities for the future.

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The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

This TEEB for Water and Wetlands Brief introduces the new initiative, presents initial ideas on the benefits and questions to be explored over the coming months. Obtaining new and complementary insights from the practical experience of stakeholders (ecosystem managers, communities, municipalities, decision makers from the public and private sector at local, national and international scale etc.) from around the world will be an important element in the development of this work Readers are invited to respond to the questions listed below and to submit further information and case studies.

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The Ecosystem Promise

This publication, featuring many case-studies of work by Wetlands International, explains a new trend of assigning financial value to nature and payment for the services that nature offers. It shows that making use of the services of nature in a responsible way is often much cheaper than building installations and maintaining these. Next to providing case examples, Wetlands International has also co-financed its production. 

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The Critical Site Network

This publication aims to provide an overview of the Critical Sites identified for waterbirds in the African-Eurasian region through the Wings Over Wetlands (WOW) project. It highlights the importance of Critical Sites for the populations they hold, the threats facing these sites and their current protection status. Case studies illustrate different approaches to achieving effective conservation for migratory waterbirds.

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33 Examples of the Cultures and Technologies of Wetlands in Japan

This booklet is aimed for facilitating greater dialogue on the relationship between wetlands and people that will lead to the conservation and restoration of wetlands, community revitalization, capacity development and international exchange in Asia and in the world. It was published in “Inventory of Cultures and Technologies of Wetlands” project (2008-2011), which was funded by the Japan Fund for Global Environment of the Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency. Original Japanese version is available.

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Eco-Virological Approach for Assessing the Role of Wild Birds in the Spread of Avian Influenza H5N1 along the Central Asian Flyway

A unique pattern of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 outbreaks has emerged along the Central Asia Flyway, where infection of wild birds has been reported with steady frequency since 2005. We assessed the potential for two hosts of HPAI H5N1, the bar-headed goose (Anser indicus) and ruddy shelduck (Tadorna tadorna), to act as agents for virus dispersal along this ‘thoroughfare’.

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Water sharing in the Upper Niger Basin

The scope of this study encompasses the Upper Niger Basin in Mali, focussing on the downstream Inner Niger Delta up to Tombouctou. It focuses on the core bottlenecks and options with regard to IWRM and green development in the basin and steps which have been set – in terms of knowledge development, stakeholder engagement, implementation (emerging practices) - towards a more integrated approach.

 

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Peatland biodiversity and climate change

It is shown that peatlands are characterized by specific biological diversity on the genetic, species, ecosystem, and landscape levels. They often present the best preserved areas, habitats, and shelters for biological species. Peatlands form a specific environment and play a significant part in the regulation of climate due to their participation in the water and carbon cycles. They are characterized by a wide range of biodiversity; spatial heterogeneity; and a particular structural and functional integrity, which is determined by the interrelations between excessive moisture, peatland vegetation, and peat. The scope of all the features mentioned presupposes a specific, often ambiguous, response of peatlands and their biodiversity to climate change.

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IWC Annual National Totals (African-Eurasian Region 2009-2011)

 Overview of IWC in the African-Eurasian region 2011 and annual national totals (2009-2011) 

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Guidance on waterbird monitoring methodology:

This publication provides a methodological framework for enhancing the monitoring of migratory and wintering waterbirds in the Black Sea coastal region of Georgia, Turkey and Ukraine.

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Peatlands in Indonesia National REDD+ Strategy

The draft National REDD+ Strategy of Indonesia demonstrates that Indonesia has major ambitions to tackle its significant emissions from peatlands and conserve these unique ecosystems. This ambition is greatly welcomed and urgently needed. Some critical issues in the report, however, need to be addressed if Indonesia is to achieve its targets effectively and in a way that is environmentally, socially and economically sustainable.

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Wintering Waterbird Census in the Azov- Black Sea Coastal Wetlands of Ukraine, Georgia and Turkey

This report provides results of gap analysis of IWC in coastal wetlands of Georgia, Turkey and Ukraine, first of all in relation to current status of its methodology and infrastructure, as well as to present count data for key coastal wetlands.

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Analysis of information sources on waterbird migration in the Azov–Black Sea region of Ukraine:

The Azov–Black Sea area of Ukraine is annually used by millions of waterbirds as a stopover during their spring and autumn migrations. The first step towards development of a migratory waterbird monitoring
system is an overview of existing information, which includes three main blocks – scientific publications, results of waterbird counts during migration seasons and recoveries of ringed birds. The results of this
analysis are presented in this book.

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Implementing telemetry on new species in remote areas

This article provides recommendations for implementing telemetry studies on waterfowl on the basis of our experience in a tracking study conducted in three countries of sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of the study was to document movements by duck species identified as priority candidates for the potential spread of avian influenza.

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Migratory movements of waterfowl in Central Asia and avian influenza emergence

In this study, historical data derived from over 80 years of bird ringing are combined with recent satellite tracking data to delineate migration routes, movement chronology and habitat use patterns of waterfowl in relation to H5N1 outbreak locations. Results confirm migratory linkage between breeding and moulting areas in northern Kazakhstan and southern Siberia, with nonbreeding areas in the Caspian, Black and eastern Mediterranean Sea basins, as well as with South Asia. 

 

 

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Celebration of World Wetlands Day 2011 in Serang-Banten, Indonesia

This report describes the World Wetlands Day activities in Desa Sawah Luhur, Kec. Kasemen, Serang-Banten, Indonesia on 2nd of February 2011. World Wetlands Day 2011 comes exactly 40 years since the Convention on Wetlands was signed in 1971 in the city of Ramsar, Iran. This makes its celebration in every Ramsar member country a very special one. Indonesia, with its continued commitment to the protection and conservation of wetlands for the benefit of present and future generations, is no exception.

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Low pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 virus in wild birds in Nigeria in Africa.

We monitored avian influenza in wild and domestic birds in two different regions in Nigeria to investigate the presence and persistence of avian influenza virus in African birds. We found low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N2 viruses in three spur-winged geese (Plectropterus gambensis) in the Hadejia–Nguru wetlands. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that all of the genes, except the non-structural (NS) genes, of the LPAI H5N2 viruses were more closely related to genes recently found in wild and domestic birds in Europe.

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Impact of oil palm plantations on peatland conversion in Sarawak 2005-2010

The report provides sequenced maps and statistics on the area of peatlands converted for oil palm plantations in Sarawak from 2005-2010. It builds on forest cover change and plantation concession boundary mapping results from the ongoing project ‘Transparent Mapping for Sustainabe Oil Palm Plantation Development’. This document briefly reports on the results of project activities providing maps and associated statistics on the impact of oil palm plantations on forest and peatland conversion in Sarawak during the period 2005-2010.

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State of the Art Information on Mangrove Ecosystems in Indonesia

Indonesia contains 21% of the global total mangrove area with 45 of the world's 75 true mangrove species can be found there. This report aims to provide the current state of mangrove ecosystems in Indonesia.

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Results of the Autumn 2010 Migratory Waterbird Counts in the Azov-Black Sea Coastal Wetlands of Ukraine, Georgia and Turkey

This publication presents the results of the first simultaneous waterbird counts at key coastal wetlands in Ukraine, Georgia and Turkey

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Flying over an infected landscape: distribution of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 risk in South Asia and satellite tracking of wild waterfowl.

This study suggests that the continental-scale dynamics of HPAI H5N1 are structured as a number of persistence areas delineated by domestic ducks, connected by rare transmission through migratory waterfowl.

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Horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2011

This review describes outcomes of a 2010 horizon-scanning exercise building upon the first exercise conductedin 2009. The aim of both horizon scans was to identify emerging issues that could have substantial impacts on the conservation of biological diversity, and to do so sufficiently early to encourage policy-relevant, practical research onthose issues.

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Wetlands and Livelihoods in the Lower Basin of the Río Paz

The project Integrated Management of Water Resources and Livelihoods on the Río Paz, El Salvador – Guatemala is undertaken as part of the Wetlands and Livelihoods Programme. It promoted the participatory generation of management recommendations that arose directly from the knowledge and needs of the communities of the lower basin. These recommendations focus on the principal themes that link the provision of ecosystem services to livelihoods.

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Humedales y medios de vida en la cuenca baja del río Paz

Esta publicación documenta la relación entre las comunidades y los recursos naturales en la cuenca baja del río Paz, El Salvador – Guatemala. A través de diversos estudios se busca reconocer y hacer visibles los valores y servicios que proveen los humedales, para integrarlos en el desarrollo sostenible de los habitantes de esta zona.

 

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A Quick Scan of Peatlands in Malaysia

This  report  presents  the  first  national  assessment  of  peatlands  in Malaysia.  It  identifies  remaining peatlands  of  high  conservation  value,  the loss of peatlands and the use of these carbon dense area for for instance palm oil production.

 

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State of World's Waterbirds 2010

This booklet summarises what is known about the status of waterbird populations in different parts of the world. It shows how numbers and population trends compare from region to region, and how they changed between the 1970s and the 2000s.

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Will the Inner Niger Delta shrivel up due to climate change and water use upstream?

When the climate will change in the Sahel, this will have an impact on the flooding of the Inner Niger Delta and, therefore, also on its ecological and economic functions. This report evaluates the human-driven changes in the hydrology of the Upper Niger and the possible additional impact of a climate change. The data sets used by Zwarts et al. (2005) are re-analysed and updated (as far as possible) for recent years: annual rainfall in the Upper Niger Basin, annual river discharge of Bani and Niger upstream of the Inner Niger Delta, water use (dams and irrigation schemes upstream of the Inner Niger Delta), and maximal annual flood extent of the Inner Niger Delta. 

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Biodiversity loss and the global water crisis - A fact book

Globally we are facing a water crisis. This booklet aims to highlight the links between this water crisis and biodiversity loss. Both are the result of the same root causes and both problems reinforce each other. The booklet draws on the knowledge and understanding developed by Wetlands International and its partners over many years and is supplemented with key information from other, peer reviewed studies. 

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Q&A on AFOLU, ‘wetland management’ and the road to land-based accounting

Better management of terrestrial carbon stores (reservoirs) and fluxes (emissions and removals) can make a substantial contribution to reducing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. This Question & Answer booklet aims to give insight into the opportunities and obstacles with regard to reporting and accounting for changes in carbon stores in, and anthropogenic greenhouse gas fluxes from, terrestrial ecosystems. Special attention is paid to ‘wetland management’, a proposed new accounting activity under LULUCF for which huge emissions reduction potentials are readily available. This Question and Answer booklet on AFOLU (Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses) has been developed for the UN-FCCC negotiations on land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) and was produced by Wetlands International and the University of Greifswald.

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Vegetation of the river Yamuna floodplain in the Delhi stretch, with reference to hydrological characteristics

The present study highlighted the importance of allocation of water for periodic inundation to maintain floodplain characteristics including aquatic/semi-aquatic vegetation cover as critical to the management of the river ecosystem. The current policy of water use focused entirely on human uses ignoring ecological requirements, and had clear adverse implications on the health of the river ecosystem.

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Civil procedure for researching benthic invertebrate animals inhabiting tidal flats in eastern Japan

In this paper, we describe our attempts to make quantitative research studies and precise identification of benthos species a civil procedure with a method that is not only simple but also semi-quantitative and analytical. From field tests and field practices, we propose the following method as the civil procedure. 

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The Global Peatland CO2 Picture

The report presents the first overview ever of peatland carbon data for all countries and regions of the world.  For every country/area information is given on extent and status of peatlands, volume of the peat resource and on CO2 emissions from different types of land use, both for the year 1990 as well as for the year 2008.

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Towards a further extension of the OPIDIN tool

OPIDIN is a predictive model to forecast the flooding of the Inner Niger Delta when the water starts to raise. OPIDIN is an acronym for Outil de Prediction des Inondations dans le Delta Intérieur du Niger. A first version of OPIDIN was developed in 2009 within a study carried out by Royal Haskoning (lead), Altenburg & Wymenga Ecological Consultants and Wetland International. This study was financed by “Partners for Water”, a joint initiative of six departments of the Government of the Netherlands. Wetlands International (Séveré) took the initiative to explore the possibilities to extend the model and asked A&W to investigate how OPIDIN may be extended and improved.

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Dead planet, living planet

This UNEP publication features many case examples of the work of Wetlands International. Editor Ritesh Kumar collected showcases from Wetlands International from all around the world; from the mangroves of West Africa to the peatlands in Southeast Asia. “Dead planet, living planet: Biodiversity and ecosystem restoration for sustainable developmentis a contribution to the UN’s International Year of Biodiversity and is a complement to the UNEP-hosted Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) which is bringing visibility to the wealth of the world’s natural capital.

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Current and future CO2 emissions from drained peatlands in Southeast Asia

This is the first peer reviewed scientific article on the global carbon dioxide emissions due to peatsoil degradation and loss, with a focus on Southeast Asia. The article is based on the work for the report Peat-CO2 that presents the shocking figures about emissions due to drainage and fires in Southeast Asia.

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Information sheet on palm oil & peatlands

This paper shines light on the issue of greenhouse gas emissions due to conversion of areas with peatsoils for palm oil production, including for biodiesel. The paper will focus on palm oil in Southeast Asia; the most relevant area for vegetable oil production on peatlands, with alarming greenhouse gas emissions as a result.

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Wetlands and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

This book presents a baseline of information that helps understanding of how WASH and wetland service provision are connected, why these linkages are vital and how they can be better managed. Furthermore, the publication presents a set of principles to be taken on by sector professionals as a way forward to improve integration in the future. The publication is the result of an ongoing collaboration between individuals and organisations from the wetland conservation sector and the water supply, sanitation and hygiene sector.

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Integrating human health into wetland management

By Jan Cools a,b,*, Mori Diallo c, Eline Boelee d, Stefan Liersch e,
Dries Coertjens f, Veronique Vandenberghe g, Bakary Kone c

Livelihood and water-related diseases are strongly linked to wetland management. The majority of wetland stakeholders in the Inner Niger Delta, Mali considered human health and sanitation the most important criteria of a list of challenges and water-related pressures. Yet, a methodology to integrate health risks and opportunities into wetland management plans has previously not been proposed, despite the clear links and substantial real-life challenges. In this paper, a framework is presented to do this in data-poor context structured around the process to evaluate and prioritise the appropriateness of management options to improve human health.

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Status of Waterbirds in Asia

This report summarises the results of the Asian Waterbird Census (AWC) from 1987 to 2007, comprising counts at 6,705 sites in 27 countries. A total of 1,387 sites met at least one of two criteria of internationally important sites according to the Ramsar Convention. Of these, 312 sites were reported to support more than 20,000 waterbirds, and 1,382 sites recorded more than 1% of the biogeographic population of at least one species of waterbird. The Asian Waterbird Census (AWC), conducted each year in January, is a waterbird and wetland-monitoring programme initiated in 1987 within the framework of the International Waterbird Census.

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A Quick Scan of Peatlands in Central and Eastern Europe

A Quick Scan of Peatlands in Central and Eastern Europe reviews the status, conservation and use of peatlands in the countries participating in the BBI-Matra Programme (Belarus, Russian Federation, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia and Turkey). Geographically, it covers central and eastern Europe together with the non-European part of the Russian Federation.

 

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Fact book for UNFCCC policies on peat carbon emissions

This fact book provides insight in the global greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands. It was made to inform delegations at the UN climate change conventions. 

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Vision of a new Ramsar regional initiative for Black Sea coastal wetlands (BlackSeaWet vision)

This publication is a background document for a new regional Ramsar initiative, which includes a brief overview of current status of coastal wetlands and main threats to them, legal framework and conservation activities related to coast and coastal wetlands, present mission, vision, key targets and objectives of BlackSeaWet Initiative.

BlackSeaWet vision

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Portfolio of Actions for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Black Sea Coastal Wetlands

The publication is made within the framework of the Wetlands International project "Establishing the foundations for the launch of a Black Sea Regional Initiative for the wise use of coastal wetlands (BlackSeaWet)". The Portfolio of Actions was prepared by national teams involved in the project. Present actions needed for coastal wetlands conservation and sustainable use are represented in a format understood by donors. It is supposed that the Portfolio will be used to achieve objectives of the new Ramsar regional initiative (BlackSeaWet).

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Peatlands in National Inventory Submissions 2009

An analysis of the National Inventory Submissions of European countries with respect to GHG emissions from peatlands/organic soils with identification of gaps and proposals for improvement. This report was produced for the UNFCCC climate change meeting in Bonn, August 2009. The substantial greenhouse gas emissions from peatland drainage can largely be avoided through peatland rewetting and restoration. There is, however, doubt to whether emission reductions from peatland can be correctly quantified and transparently reported. This report analyses the most recent (2009) National Inventory Submissions of 10 European countries to evaluate their experiences with the reporting of anthropogenic peatland emissions.

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Methane emission from peat soils (organic soils, histosols) - Facts, MRV-ability, emission factors.

This report looks at methane emissions from wet peatlands, discusses the mechanisms behind these emissions, and presents tentative emission factors. This report was produced for the UNFCCC climate change meeting in Bonn, August 2009. Huge reductions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions can be attained by rewetting drained peatlands. A post-2012 framework aiming at peatland rewetting must, however, also address associated methane (CH4) emissions.

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An Assessment of Lessons Learnt from the “Green Coast”

This report provides the lessons learned during the implementation of the Green Coast programme in in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD) Province and Nias Island, in Aceh province in Indonesia during the period between the year 2005 and the 2008. This lesson learned document particularly studied various information and the field data that related during the project periode. Hence, this result expected will provide the information of project realisation sufficiently.

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Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Europe: the risks associated with wild birds

The infection of wild birds by highly pathogenic strains of avian influenza (AI) virus was virtually unknown – apart from one instance of the disease appearing in common terns in South Africa in 1961 – before the Asian strain of highly pathogenic AI virus (AIV), H5N1, began to expand across the world. Outbreaks of clinical disease in Eurasia have resulted in visible mortality among populations of free-ranging wild birds in a multitude of species.

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Planting trees to eat fish

This book draws on the experiences of four projects (in Indonesia, Kenya, Zambia/Malawi and Mali) that combined conservation and development goals. The four projects demonstrated – each in a different way – how improving livelihoods and conserving wetlands can go hand in hand. The book tells the story of the problems that the individual projects faced, and how they were addressed. In addition, there is a review of seven other wetland-based projects from around the world.

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Emission factors for managed peat soils - An analysis of IPCC default values

This paper evaluates IPCC approaches to greenhouse gas emissions from managed organic (peat) soils and notices that the IPCC Guidelines 2006. This report was produced for the UNFCCC Climate Change Talks in Bonn, June 2009. Peatland drainage leads to peat oxidation, resulting in large losses of carbon and nitrogen to theatmosphere with an estimated global magnitude of 2-3 Gt/CO2-eq per year. The conservation and restoration of peatlands can provide a major contribution to the mitigation of climate change. Improving guidance and capacity for reporting of peatland emissions will prove valuable to the current negotiations towards a post-2012 climate agreement.

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Are emission reductions from peatlands MRV-able?

Globally very significant GHG benefits can accrue by avoiding peatland degradation and by actively restoring peatlands. This report, produced for the UNFCCC Climate Change Talks in Bonn, June 2009, addresses the question whether the results of such actions are measurable, reportable and verifiable.

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Wetlands of European Russia: Guidebook.

A guidebook on wetlands around Moscow, which serve as popular holiday destinations. The wetland areas described include the Cranes Homeland area, Pskovsko-Chudskaya Lowland, the National Parks of Losiny Ostrov,  Meshchera, Meshchersky, Ugra, Smolenskoye Poozerye and Pleshcheevo Ozero, and the Nature Reserves of Oksky, Polistovsky, Rdeisky and Tsentranlo-Lesnoi.

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The Wader Atlas

 

The Wader Atlas is a compilation of current knowledge of the numbers, distribution and movements of one of the most remarkable groups of birds in the region covered by the African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement (AEWA). Long-term waterbird count data have been combined with an extensive literature review, especially published results of bird ringing and national bird atlases, to produce maps showing the population boundaries that are used as a basis of the conservation of these species.

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Biorights in Theory and Practice

Bio-rights is an innovative financing mechanism for reconciling poverty alleviation and environmental conservation. By providing micro-credits for sustainable development, the approach enables local communities to refrain from unsustainable practices and be actively involved in environmental conservation and restoration. Micro-credits are converted into definitive payments upon successful delivery of conservation services at the end of a contracting period.

 

 

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Integration of High Altitude Wetlands into River Basin Management in the Hindu Kush Himalayas

This is a policy review and capacity building needs assesment for integration of High Altitude Wetlands into River Basin Management in Bhutan, China, India and Nepal. The Hindu Kush Himalayas is replete with wetlands distributed throughout the region at different latitudes, longitudes and altitudes. Fed primarily by melting glaciers, these wetlands play an enormous role in ecological and economic security of the region through their wide range of ecosystem services, including supporting local livelihoods, regulation of hydrological regimes, carbon sequestration and support to biodiversity.

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Biodiversity of the Sedili Kechil Wetlands

The booklet gives information about Sedili kechil, conservation efforts in the areas, its ecosystem and biodiversity.

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Including peatlands in post-2012 Climate Agreements:

A report on the policy options to include peatlands in UN-climate policies. Produced as input for Wetlands International's policy activities during the UNFCCC climate summit (COP 14) in Poznan, December 2008. Produced by Joanneum Research, Austria, Commissioned by Wetlands International

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Provisional report of the Central Kalimantan Peatland Project

In December 2005 the Central Kalimantan Peatland Project (CKPP) was established with the overall objective of conserving the natural and economic value of the peatswamp areas of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. This report describes the experience and lessons learned over the three-year project. It explains the project's approach, the challenges of succesful peatland restoration and conservation, the project's achievements, and future opportunities for this area and other peatland regions in Indonesia.

Through the production of this draft document, the CKPP consortium would like to invite comments from people interested in CKPP’s work.

 

 

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Invisible Connections

This book and its wonderful photographs by Jan van de Kam bring to life the dramatic journeys of migratory shorebirds in the East Asian – Australasian Flyway, the importance of their staging sites and the need for international cooperation to maintain this cycle. "Invisible Connections" is a wonderful photographic journey that follows the migration of shorebirds flying from their breeding grounds in the Arctic through East Asia to Australasia. It highlights one of nature's most spectacular phenomena and reveals the surprising and little-known connections that exist between countries, habitats and people through this migration.

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Best Practice Guidelines on Restoration of Mangroves in Tsunami Affected Areas

The objective of this guideline is to provide the reader with an appropriate knowledge and understanding over the aspects of mangrove silviculture (planting) for coastal protection.

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Good Practices and Lessons Learned in Integrating Ecosystem Conservation and Poverty Reduction Objectives in Wetlands

This study was driven by two objectives: to develop a framework and methodology for assessing the outcomes of conservation-poverty reduction initiatives and to apply it to such initiatives in wetlands to understand conditions and methods that can support the integration or balancing of ecosystem conservation with poverty reduction.

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"Wetlands"

As a side event of COP10 2008, Wetlands International Japan held a workshop titled "the Cultural Values of Wetlands: Case Studies from Agia."

The book reports the whole program/ speeches/ addresses, along with power point materials used during the session.

"Wetlands"

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Question and Answer factbook on peatlands

This booklet provides you with a all the most recent facts and figures about peatlands, with a focus on tropical peatlands. Subjects that are explained are peatland occurance, their rate of degradation globally, carbon loss and impacts on climate change and facts about restoration efforts.

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Inventory of Bulgarian wetlands and their biodiversity

An inventory of Bulgarian wetlands and their biodiversity

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Final Report: The Project on the Conservation of the Relict Gull in Hongjiannao Wetland, Yunlin, Shaanxi Province

 This project final report presents an overall summary of this conservation project supported by Shell China Exploration and Production Company Limited (SCEPCo) in 2006-2007.

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June 2007 Report on the Rapid Assessment of Biodiversity and Community around Hongjiannao Wetland, Shaanxi Province; The conservation of the Relict Gull in Hongjiannao Wetland.

 This report is the result from the Rapid Assessment of Biodiversity and Community around Hongjiannao Wetland, Shaanxi Province, directed at the conservation of the Relict Gull in Hongjiannao Wetland. China.

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Healthy Wetlands, Healthy People

On 8 November 2007 the People’s Government of Shaoxing City hosted a symposium, organised by Wetlands International, entitled ‘Healthy Wetlands, Healthy People’. The opening sessions were chaired by Chen Kelin, Director of Wetlands International - China, and the technical sessions and discussion by Mike Ounsted, Chair of the Wetlands and Livelihoods Working Group.

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Green Coast in the press

On the Green Coast project we have been overwhelmed by the press coverage for theproject. This document gives an overview of what others write about us.

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POST TSUNAMI ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES: A POLICY PERSPECTIVE

This report describes the process and outcomes of the post tsunami environmental challenges. It describes findings related to environment and policy issues in critical areas such as coastal defences, fisheries, livelihoods and reconstruction.

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Policy road show in India- a workshop report

Five road shows were conducted in India with the aim to present the policy research findings before the community through NGOs and CBOs and
to seek suggestions to make strong policy recommendations. This report describes the outcomes of the workshops.

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Technical guidelines for establishment of a coastal green belt

The need to establish a coastal green belt following the post-tsunami scenario has led to unregulated and disoriented rehabilitation work that are likely to have serious negative consequences. This publication sets out specially designed guidelines to ensure that well integrated greenbelts emerge in conformity with basic standards and policies set out for coast conservation

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For all our publications go to Watch & Read.