Greening the Coast brings Hope after Tsunami
Azhar's story and his systematic and sustainable effort to rehabilitate coastal ecosystem in his village told in Press Briefing: Green Coast Project in Jakarta on July 27th, 2006. At the event, als...
Azhar's story and his systematic and sustainable effort to rehabilitate coastal ecosystem in his village told in Press Briefing: Green Coast Project in Jakarta on July 27th, 2006. At the event, also launched document "Assessment of Environmental Condition after Tsunami in Nangroe Aceh Darrussallam and Nias regions" as input for rehabilitation efforts done partially in coastal region in Aceh, that often are paradoxical and fail in many cases.
Nyoman Suryadiputra, Project Coordinator of Green Coast Project, Technical Director of Wetlands International Indonesia Program (WIIP), firmly said that "Coastal rehabilitation can not be done partially, without paying attention to what local community earn for living. Our experience with Green Coast Project teaches us that coastal ecosystem rehabilitation efforts will work much better if we combine it with what local community earn for living and get them involved actively."
The efforts to rehabilitates the Lam Pulo Ujong's ponds being done through Silvo fisheries system. In this system, the side of the pond planted by mangrove. "Mangrove roots will hold mud so it won't washed away by wave, besides it's crabs' favorite place and a good place for fish breeding'' said Suryadiputra. Green Coast Project involves community actively in coastal ecosystem rehabilitation efforts by giving grant for community based small scale economy activity.
"Nature quality after tsunami of course is not the same as before. Party who did coastal region rehabilitation should have conducted scientific research on region ecology to identify what kind of vegetation suitable and other rehabilitation potential that can be implemented and developed" said Suryadiputra.
In Green Coast Project, there is understanding with community, that cost of living that given for one year since March 2006 will be diminished, if mangrove under their responsibility grow about 75%. "I can guarantee community won't have any debt in the end of program. Because almost 80% mangroves grow very good" said Azhar. Until now, Green Coast Project planted almost 1.2 millions mangroves, cemara laut and other sea plants.
"BRR very appreciates many experiences and guidelines that can be used by other party. This information needed by BRR to reconstruct Aceh and Nias in a good way. So that sources given can be used optimally" said R Pamekas, Director of Environmental Management, Badan Rehabilitasi dan Rekonstruksi NAD dan Nias. Pamekas hopes that assessment result was disseminated to other sectors involved in rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts.
On the field often occur overlap among many programs that sometimes doesn't suitable with community or environment needs. For example, dam building when it was wave crashers that needed. Cut Desyana, Marine Officer, WWF-Indonesia Program said "UUPA gives space to encourage sustainable development in Aceh after tsunami. There are open chances to implementation of local wisdom to manage Aceh". Desyana also admitted that there is arguments about task delegation word in UUPA that assumed can limit authority of Local government of Aceh in environmental management.
Mubariq Ahmad, Executive Director of WWF-Indonesia , hopes that efforts done by many parties in Aceh and Nias to rehabilitate coastal area in holistic manner and involving community can be a guideline to rehabilitation effort done in other area that hit or endangered by natural disaster especially in coastal area such as in Java south coast.
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