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Sustaining mangroves with communities in Sedili Kecil, Johor, Malaysia

In Sedili Kecil, Johor, Malaysia, we aim to raise awareness on the importance of the conservation of mangrove forests among local communities. We also encourage their involvement in rehabilitating mangroves and strengthening their capacity to implement techniques for sustainable use and monitor the mangroves.

Action Description:

The Sedili Kecil is of high biodiversity and socio-economic significance. The region contains a large area of the highly threatened freshwater swamp forest ecosystem and excellent examples of mangrove, brackish water and freshwater riverine vegetation. These support to a large extent  the important fisheries of the mangrove and river.


Sections of the mangrove forest are however badly degraded, which has reduced the beneficial services that the mangrove forest provides.


The mangrove forest has great potential in reducing the effects of erosion. Furthermore, the input of organic matter form mangrove vegetation forms the base of the ecosystem including fisheries important for local people.


Hence, the replanting of mangrove forest along sections of Sungai Sedili Kecil and at the estuary would have two major benefits: 1) it will improve riverbank stabilisation, reduce erosion and 2) it will increase the fish and shellfish populations on which the local communities depend on for their livelihood.


The planting areas concerned the disturbed mangrove forest at the estuary of Sungai Sedili Kecil and at 2 other sections at the river bank further upstream. These sites were selected for the following activities:


1. Project planning and surveys

  • To carry out a planning meeting with District Forestry Office, Jawatankuasa Kemajuaan dan Keselamatan Kampung (JKKK) and local community groups on mangrove replanting initiative
  • To conduct a site inspection with local community
  • To take stock of environmental concerns in the site raised by local people
  •  To select a suitable area for introducing a small-scale community based mangrove replanting activity


2. Development of Mangrove Replanting Plan

  • To form partnership with Forestry Department, Local Authority, Wetlands International and local community groups to develop a mangrove replanting plan
  • To determine the location of pilot study on mangrove replanting
  • To determine the size for replanting area
  • To determine the schedule of planting operation and planting technique
  • To identify and source out the mangrove seeds/seedlings and type of species to be planted
  • To determine planting density and total number of seedlings required
  • To discuss with community village headmen on community participation in mangrove replanting operation
  • Sourcing plant material (seeds / seedlings) and establishment of temporary nursery to keep seedlings.
  • To mobilize work force on the site
  • To demonstrate proper planting method to local community


3. Site Preparation and Planting Operation

  • To conduct site clearance of weeds and rubbish
  • To transport mangrove seedlings from nursery to the planting site
  • To organize planting operation in small groups involving local community


4. Monitoring and maintenance program

  • To set up a signboard on information of the community mangrove replanting project
  • To monitor the growth and survival rate of mangrove seedlings with members of local community
  • To prevent planted seedlings from human and animal disturbance
  • To replace dead plants (determine a threshold level)
  • To conduct weeding operation to avoid competition


5. Planting ceremony of the Mangrove Replanting Program

  • Hold simple planting ceremony by inviting participation of head of village, Penghulu, representative, donor partners and local community for awareness raising purposes.
  • Planting site visit.

Action Partners:

Forestry Department Malaysia

National Mangrove Replanting Committee

More Action Details