Improving water use and wetland policy in Kenya

The Kimana Wetland System in Southern Kenya is critical to three large Maasai pastoralist communities. The area is crucial for the survival of their cattle, but more and more ground is being taken by migrating farmers for their crops. The area is also an important wildlife corridor especially for elephants linking two world-famous national parks.

Water is the only single critical resource dictating both the ecological and economic functions around the landscape. The water is mainly coming from the Kilimanjaro on the Tanzanian site of the border. Rainfall is low. Read more about the Kimana wetlands.


Unplanned water use, conversion of the wetland system to cultivation is leading to soil salinisation and fertility loss, increasing conflict between farming, livestock and wildlife, and threatens to result in a lose-lose-lose situation. Read more on the degradation of Kimana wetlands.

Our work in Kenya

Wetlands International and partner organization African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) work on the ground with the local communities in the Kimana wetlands to improve water use. Read more on our field work in Kimana or watch the video below.

Furthermore, we work to push the National Wetland Policy. In the past six months AWF in collaboration with Kenya Wetlands Forum have been directing its efforts towards sound legislation and policy for sustainable wetlands management, community and other stakeholder involvement and participation. Read more on our policy work in Kenya.

Video: Solving Conflicts over Water Scarcity in Kenya