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Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework: Upscaling wetland conservation, restoration and wise use through National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

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The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (KM-GBF) was adopted by 192 countries at CBD COP15 in December 2022. It contains 4 goals and 23 targets to halt and reverse biodiversity loss by 2030. Wetlands are explicitly included in Target 2 on restoration, and Target 3 on protected areas (the “30×30 target”) through wording on inland water, and coastal and marine ecosystems. This is an excellent outcome for wetlands and the nature and people who depend on them.

The KM-GBF provides a powerful new global opportunity for the rapid upscaling of wetland conservation, restoration and wise use in all countries, and for cross-government, society-wide approaches. The KM-GBF also has a strong focus on addressing the direct and indirect drivers of nature and wetland loss, action by business and finance, and the role of Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs). The opportunity now is to secure the essential inclusion of ambitious wetland targets and policies in National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs), to meet commitments under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and under the Convention on Wetlands.

This briefing paper for Contracting Parties to the Convention on Wetlands has been prepared by the
Scientific and Technical Review Panel (STRP) under its workplan 2023-2025, as part of Task 5.2 Guidance to support global implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework for wetlands, in collaboration with the International Organization Partners (IOP) of the Convention and in consultation with the Secretariat.